National Romanian (Neo-Romanian) Style Architecture (8)
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Bucharest is home to numerous National Romanian (Neo-Romanian) style public edifices and private villas, a distinctive, original style with a specific national character that emerged in the late 19th century and ceased abruptly after the installation of the communist regime. Among the distinguishing features of the style are the massive, stout appearance and the presence of the roofed arcaded veranda, raised usually atop a tower-type structure, having the roof supported by pillars (the Romanian name is “foisor”). They originate in the medieval fortified boyar manor houses (“kullas”), a regional variant of the Ottoman tower houses common in the Balkans. The style also employs Romanian motifs sourced in Wallachian religious architecture. The Neo-Romanian developed mostly in the first decades of the previous century when it was largely used for state-funded public programs, aiming to create an image of national identity.